Is GPA an Accurate Measure of Intelligence?
Is GPA an accurate measure of how smart a person is? It seems as if it may just be a measurement of how hard any given person is willing to work. A student who is more diligent at filling out worksheets, taking notes, doing homework, and subsequently memorizing that information for tests and quizzes will have a higher GPA than a student who may be "smarter" but not work as hard. For colleges to put so much weight on a student's GPA for admittance seems a bit unfair. What about students who always do their homework and take extensive notes, but are poor testers? Those students may have gotten an "A" grade on every single assignment all year, but scored uncharacteristically poorly on their semester final, thus dropping their grade in the class a large amount. However, to the admissions officers at the colleges we're applying to, all the grades look the same, regardless of external classroom circumstances. Another debate about GPA is that it is a uniform measurement for classroom performance, when every student's classroom experience is not the same. For example, two students who take the same AP English Literature class with the same curriculum could do the same amount of work and receive completely different grades because one has a teacher with more strict grading procedure.
According to Susan D. Ridgell and John W. Lounsbury of the College Student Journal:
"General intelligence, Big Five personality traits, and the construct Work Drive were studied in relation to two measures of collegiate academic performance: a single course grade received by undergraduate students in an introductory psychology course, and self-reported GPA. General intelligence and Work Drive were found to be significantly positively related to both course grade and GPA"
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