Living Up The Street: Narrative Recollections, by Gary Soto - Part 4 (pp. 93-137)
Also See: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 5
Step One of Six: Read, Listen to, and Annotate the chapters 14-17 of Living Up The Street
Click on the play buttons to listen to the audio for chapters 14-17 of Living Up The Street, narrated by Robert Ramirez. Pause and annotate using the NowComment version of Living Up The Street in the blue frame below.
How to annotate on the text embedded below (while listening and pausing):
Log into NowComment, or Log into Gmail first, then sign in with Google.
Make notes on sentences
Make notes on a paragraph
Make notes on the writer's craft
This is an example of a thoughtful comment.
Step Two of Six: Play games with these flashcards, and write stories in your journal about reading Living Up The Street
Step Three of Six: Read Important Passages from Chapters 14-17 Aloud
Let's read an important section of Living Up the Street - Part 4 (pp. 93-137) aloud. Record yourself reading pages in this green-framed VoiceThread. (You will need to log in. You can register if you don't have an account, or ask your teacher.) You should practice first. Also listen to the other recordings on each page.
Step Four of Six: Use Literature Guides to answer one or two of these questions.
Use a Google Doc to compose, share and get comments from peers, revise, proofread, and edit an essay that follows one of the suggested guides. Then post your literary essay as a discussion on Youth Voices.
1. Chapter 14 - "Bloodworth": Why does Miss Sue shake Gary and ask the class to vote on his punishment? Gary fights throughout his life to survive. How do you think this affects his personality or character? Who is Bloodworth? Gary goes into the match feeling he is doomed to lose. Bloodworth rolls him into the "cradle." Describe this match and how Gary feels at the end. Use either Tracking the Themes / Seguimiento de los Temas or Questioning and Speculating or Character Traits and Relationships to talk about Gary's life as a fighter and a wrestler.
2. Chapter 15 - "One Last Time": Why does Gary identify with the people of India? The 1968 documentary "Gandhi" presents the story of the life of political activist Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. How does this movie and its title character fit into this novel? Gary picks grapes to make money for school clothes. It is hard work and pays very little. Why do Gary's plans for the money he will earn change as the day progresses? Why does Gary not want to be labeled a poor "Mexican?" Why do Rick and Gary laugh about their situation? How does the narrator describe the people in Chinatown? What do these experiences reveal about Gary's character and his relationship with his mother? Use either Tracking the Themes / Seguimiento de los Temas or Questioning and Speculating or Character Traits and Relationships to talk about Gary's experiences as a grape picker.
3. Chapter 16 - "Black Hair": What do Gary's thoughts suggest about his relationship with his mother and stepfather? Why does Gary run when the border patrol arrives? Gary lives with a middle class family but discovers that they, too, have problems. What's similar and what's different between Gary and the other workers? What fate does Gary hope to escape? What is the prevailing attitude of the workplace?
Use either Tracking the Characters or Character Traits and Relationships to talk about Gary's experiences and his connections with the other workers at the Valley Tire Factory.
4. Chapter 17 - "Being Stupid": Gary thinks his actions during this period show his evilness. Do you agree that he is evil? What does Gary agree to do with Scott? Scott and Gary do not know what to do with the items they steal. They are filled with fear about what they have done. Have you ever done something "stupid" like this? How does Gary feel about his part in the robbery? What do Gary and Ross decide to do with the items they stole? How does Gary's attitude change after they return the stolen items? Use either Tracking the Themes / Seguimiento de los Temas or Questioning and Speculating or Character Traits and Relationships to talk about Gary and his friends "being stupid" in this chapter.
Step Five of Six: Have conversations by posting comments and replies.
Step Six of Six: Do some research on Delano grape strike in Southern California by annotating the Wikipedia article copied below with Hypothes.is. Then post new comments and replies on discussions about "Living Up The Street Part 4 (pp. 93-137)"
While reading this article Wikipedia, "Delano grape strike," pause frequently and annotate with Hypothes.is about what you are learning about what was happening in 1968 when Gary was 16 years old. Write about your annotations, using either Adding a quotation... or Quoting a speech.... Use these notes to add new comments on other students' "Living Up The Street - Part 4 (pp 93-137)" discussion posts (literary essays) using the Commenting Guide: Quoting a Source in a Comment.
Delano grape strike
The Delano grape strike was a labor strike by the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee and the United Farm Workers, against grape growers in California. The strike began on September 8, 1965, and lasted more than five years. Due largely to a consumer boycott of non-union grapes, the strike ended with a significant victory for the United Farm Workers, and its first contract with the growers.
The strike began when the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee, mostly Filipino farm workers in Delano, California, led by Philip Vera Cruz, Larry Itliong, Benjamin Gines and Pete Velasco, walked off the farms of area table-grape growers, demanding wages equal to the federal minimum wage. One week after the strike began, the predominantly Mexican-American National Farmworkers Association, led by Cesar Chavez,Dolores Huerta and Richard Chavez, joined the strike, and eventually the two groups merged, forming the United Farm Workers of America in August 1966. Quickly, the strike spread to over 2,000 workers.
Through its grassroots efforts—utilizing consumer boycotts, marches, community organizing and nonviolent resistance—the movement gained national attention for the plight of some of the nation's lowest-paid workers.By July 1970, the UFW had succeeded in reaching a collective bargaining agreement with the table-grape growers, affecting in excess of 10,000 farm workers.
As a result of the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee’s decision to strike against Delano grape growers on September 8, 1965, Chavez held a conference in the Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, on September 16 which is the Mexican Independence Day, in order to allow the National Farm Workers Association to decide for themselves whether or not to join the struggle at Delano. An estimated crowd of more than twelve hundred supporters and members of Chavez’s organization repeatedly chanted, “Huelga!” the Spanish word for strike, in favor of supporting the Delano grape farmers.
On March 17, 1966 Cesar Chavez embarked on a three hundred mile pilgrimage from Delano, California to the state’s capital of Sacramento. This was an attempt to pressure the growers and the state government to answer the demands of the Mexican and Filipino farm workers which represented the Filipino-dominated Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee and the Mexican-dominated National Farm Workers Association, led by Cesar Chavez. The pilgrimage was also intended to bring public attention to the farm worker’s cause. Shortly after this, the National Farm Workers Association and the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee merged and became known as the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee.
After a record harvest in the fall of 1965 left activists and strikers with nothing to protest since the workers left the fields as the grape season drew to a close, Chavez turned to a different tactic of protest. His solution was to send two workers and a student activist to follow a grape shipment from one of the picketed growers to the end destination at the Oakland docks. Once there, the protestors were instructed to persuade the longshoremen not to load the shipment of grapes. The group was successful in its action, and this resulted in the spoilage of a thousand ten-ton cases of grapes which were left to rot on the docks. This event sparked the decision to use the protest tactic of boycotting as the means by which the labor movement would win the struggle against the Delano grape growers.
This initial successful boycott was followed by a series of picket lines on Bay Area docks. The International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union, whose members were responsible for loading the shipments, cooperated with the protesters and refused to load nonunion grapes.
Chavez’s successful boycotting campaigns in the docks inspired him to launch a formal boycott against the two largest corporations which were involved in the Delano grape industry, Schenley Industries and the DiGiorgio Corporation.
Starting in December 1965, Chavez’s organization participated in several consumer boycotts against the Schenley corporation. The increased pressure from supporters in the business sector led to the farm workers’ victory and acquisition of union contracts that immediately raised wages and established a hiring hall.
The large corporations effected by the strikes led by Chavez employed fear tactics in order to protect profits. The documentary The Wrath of Grapes mentions that the Delano-based company, M Caratan Inc., hired thugs to break up from workers voting to unionize. They attacked voters, over turned tables and even smashed ballot boxes.
The DiGiorgio Corporation was finally pressured into holding an election amongst its workers allowing them to choose the union they wanted to represent them on August 30, 1967. This came as a result of the boycott tactic of blocking grape distribution centers. With their products not on the shelves of retailers as a result of the boycott, the DiGiorgio Corporation was pressured to answer to the demands of the farm workers. The result of the vote favored the union representation of the UFW, a 530 to 332 vote, against the representation of The Teamsters, which was the only union that was competing against the UFW in the election.
- Hurt, R. Douglas and for farm growers to cease exposing farm workers to dangerous pesticides. American Agriculture: A Brief History. Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 2002. ISBN 1-55753-281-8
- Weber, Devra. Dark Sweat, White Gold: California Farm Workers, Cotton, and the New Deal. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1996. ISBN 0-520-20710-6
- Feriss, Susan; Sandoval, Ricardo; and Hembree, Diana. The Fight in the Fields: Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers Movement. New York: Houghton Mifflin Courtyard, 1998. ISBN 0-15-600598-0
- Quinones, Sam (2011-07-28). "Richard Chavez dies at 81; brother of Cesar Chavez (He helped Cesar Chavez build the United Farm Workers into a political and agricultural force. He organized the California grape boycott in the late 1960s.)".Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
- [Shaw, Randy. Beyond the Fields: Cesar Chavez, the UFW, and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century. California: U of California P, 2008. Print]
- Ballis, George. La Causa : The Delano Grape Strike, 1965–1970. Take Stock, 01 01. 2008. Web. 11 Nov. 2009 <http://americanhistory.si.edu/exhibitions/resources/lacausascript.pdf>.]
Work you will have:
1. Five links to your five most thoughtful comments on NowComment. (Evidence of 20 total.)
2. A link to journal entries talking about the words you are learning by playing the Quizlet games to review vocabulary and your comprehension of the text.
3. A link to the page in a VoiceThread where you have recorded your reading of an important passage from pp. 93-137.
4. A link to your discussion post on Youth Voices that is your first response to this part of the book, answering one or two of the four sets of questions in this mission.
5. A link to your comment on another student's discussion post.
6. A link to your comment on Youth Voices that includes quotations from your reading (and annotating) about the Delano grape strike.